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RENEWAL OF ACTIVE EMPLOYMENT POLICIES KEY TO FACE CRISIS

 

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Royal Decree-Law 3/2011, of 18 February, urgent measures to improve the employability and reform of active employment policy lays the foundation for a renewal of the Public Employment Services and rearranges the active employment policies. The emphasis on individualized treatment jobseekers, in the local and in the necessary planning through a national strategy shared by the major social and territorial actors, and starts a new relationship between the State Employment Service and autonomous services in which part of a service catalog and guidelines for priority groups, Autonomy is who should develop programs and activities in its territory.

Both its conceptual clarification, as structuring the new criteria of the National Employment and new directions in management, Royal Decree opens a new stage, absolutely necessary to adapt employment policies to the changing needs and demands caused by the cycle change and the persistence of an acute crisis in employment. The situation calls for it and the task will be arduous.

In a plausible scenario of a decade with high unemployment levels and low volumes increased employment, is to emphasize the dynamics of job flows to share the most of opportunities in the labor force for access to employment or self-creation of employment. . We have to ask what to do with the many millions of unemployed throughout the decade there so that they can keep as active as possible even if there is work for all. This is the key question that we must try to answer, and it is certain that there will have to mobilize the whole society and generate all possible synergies. Only from the Public Employment Services alone can not cope alone with this problem. In the 80, at the time of Jacques Delors at the head of the European Commission, when they had high unemployment rates in Europe were tested conceptual way of great interest, although many of them did not achieve proper: separation between activity and employment, the new employment, local employment initiatives, local pacts, social jobs ... Perhaps we should revisit these ideas and reformulated the experience and try new ways to get that sinking unemployment trust and hopes of an entire generation.

Active employment policies are most effective when there is a sustained demand for employment, but in situations of breakdown of labor markets with significant imbalances between demand and supply, as is currently the case in Spain, margins are very low action, should therefore be rigorously refine the selection and definition of the objectives to be achieved, especially in relation to the proposed measures. So the exchange of experience at European and between Autonomous Communities can be of great interest to disseminate best practices.

In dealing with employment issues is appropriate to remember that employment is a dependent variable of economic activity, and that despite the contribution that can be made from employment policies to improve prospects for the unemployed, and improved functioning of labor markets,far more effective use that can be raised is promoting a conducive macroeconomic employment. The articulation of the active employment policy with industrial policy, environmental and macroeconomic seems necessary. In a scenario of tight macroeconomic variables such as this must consider the role to be misting active employment policies to concentrate efforts on measures that may have greater consistency and efficiency in the current context and taking a global view of the medium term . This means that in designing the Spanish employment strategy should distinguish between measures that are necessary consensus in collaboration with other government departments and public authorities and which may be the direct responsibility of the Public Employment Services.

The paradox is that when most needed are employment policies is when there is less lending by what the future should consider the need to generate a countercyclical fund for employment in which the savings deposited at a time when growth .

The recent publication of a good package of new Professional Certificates complements previous steps to strengthen the training that is set as the key instrument in the market to relocate large volume of workers who must redefine their professionalism in the face of changes and sectoral .

Today, in seemingly has hit bottom in job destruction is more necessary than ever to guide the unemployed population sectors and occupations made as new employment tractors adapting their skills. The labor market observatories should refine its analysis and anticipate trends already observed for training and adaptation to new competence requirements is as tight as possible.

The new regulatory framework will facilitate the task active policies are needed but also strong dose of political innovation and its effects are visible as soon as possible and guesses in its implementation through effective measures which will help to alleviate the situation and .

 

Oriol Homs

Sociologist

Director General of the Foundation Cirem

30 May 2011

RENEWAL OF ACTIVE EMPLOYMENT POLICIES

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